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<論文紹介:AJR 2020;215:568-581. 他>

放射線診断学において、American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) がとても役立ちますよ、
ということを以前お話ししましたが、 最新号(September 2020, VOLUME 215 NUMBER 3)から、下記4論文を紹介します。

Review. Septic Arthritis: An Evidence-Based Review of Diagnosis and Image-Guided Aspiration.(AJR 2020;215:568-581.)

Septic arthritisの総説です。

Review. Monogenetic Stroke Syndromes in Children and Young Adults.(AJR 2020;215:695-705.)

小児と若年における脳卒中症候群に関して、非常に多岐にわたり詳細に解説していいる優れものの総説です。

Original Research. Cerebellar Hemangioblastoma: Diagnostic Yield of Contrast-Enhanced Abdominal CT and Whole-Spine MRI as Initial Screening Imaging.(AJR 2020;215:706-712.)

これで、単発小脳血管芽腫症例では、全身スクリーニングは不要と考えられます、とお伝えできそうですね。
In conclusion, the diagnostic yield of abdominal CT and whole-spine MRI was 0% for patients with a single cerebellar hemangioblastoma; therefore, these imaging modalities are unnecessary before genetic testing results are available for such patients. For patients with multiple cerebellar hemangioblastomas, initial screening imaging is necessary because of its high diagnostic yield.

Review. A Review of the Mechanisms and Clinical Implications of Precision Cancer Therapy–Related Toxicity: A Primer for the Radiologist. (AJR 2020;215:770-780.)

Molecular targeted therapy (MTT)と Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs)の毒性に関する総説です。

ところで、July 2020, VOLUME 215 NUMBER 1から、Editor in Chief of AJRが、Thomas H. Berquistから、Andrew B. Rosenkrantz に代わりました。
この新しいEditorに代わって、7月号(July 2020, VOLUME 215 NUMBER 1)から、Editorial. Editor’s Notebook という巻頭コラムが始まり、これにEditorのおすすめの論文のフォーマット・内容が簡潔に記述されています。
これを見ていくだけでも、トレンドがわかるのではと思います。

他のAJR関連は、こちら。
(かなり数がたまったので今後はリンクははりません。ご了承ください。
内容を記載しますので、ご関心があればリンク先アドレスをコピペしてご参照ください。)

(https://ocu-radiology.jp/news/news-2894/)
Pediatric Tongue Lesions: An Often-Overlooked but Important Collection of Diagnoses.
Calcified Splenic Lesions: Pattern Recognition Approach on CT With Pathologic Correlation.
Invasive Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms: CT Features of Colloid Carcinoma Versus Tubular Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas.
Salt-and-Pepper Noise Sign on Fat-Fraction Maps by Chemical-Shift–Encoded MRI: A Useful Sign to Differentiate Bone Islands From Osteoblastic Metastases—A Preliminary Study.

(https://ocu-radiology.jp/news/news-2742/)
A Review of Viral-Related Malignancies and the Associated Imaging Findings.
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: A Primer for Radiologists.
An Algorithmic Approach to Complex Fetal Abdominal Wall Defects.

(https://ocu-radiology.jp/news/news-2725/)
Multisystemic Imaging Findings in Chinese Patients With Erdheim-Chester Disease.
Imaging of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia: A Comprehensive Review for the Radiologist in the Era of Personalized Medicine.
A Comprehensive Review of Cross-Sectional Imaging of the Nasolacrimal Drainage Apparatus: What Radiologists Need to Know.

(https://ocu-radiology.jp/news/news-1478/)
Pulmonary Mucormycosis: Radiologic Features at Presentation and Over Time.
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia After Treatment With Oxaliplatin: A Multiinstitutional Series of Cases Diagnosed at MRI.
Central Metatarsalgia and Walking on Pebbles: Beyond Morton Neuroma.

(https://ocu-radiology.jp/news/news-1150/)
AJRの紹介.
Dendriform Pulmonary Ossification in the Absence of Usual Interstitial Pneumonia: CT Features and Possible Association With Recurrent Acid Aspiration.
Benign Posttraumatic Pseudopneumoperitoneum.